Physics-Informed Neural Networks Gravity Model: Generation III


Scientific machine learning and the advent of the Physics-Informed Neural Network (PINN) show considerable potential in their capacity to identify solutions to complex differential equations. Over the past two years, much work has gone into the development of PINNs capable of solving the gravity field modeling problem — i.e. learning a differentiable form of the gravitational potential from position and acceleration estimates. While the past PINN gravity models (PINN-GMs) have demonstrated advantages in model compactness, robustness to noise, and sample efficiency; there remain various modeling challenges which this paper aims to address. Specifically, this paper introduces the third generation of the Physics-Informed Neural Network Gravity Model (PINN-GM-III) which solves the problems of extrapolation error, bias towards low-altitude samples, numerical instability at high-altitudes, and compliant boundary conditions through numerous modifications to the model’s design. Performance of PINN-GM-III is compared to its two predecessors and a case study is performed assessing its modeling accuracy of a heterogeneous density asteroid.

John Martin
John Martin
Assistant Professor of Aerospace Engineering

Director of the MLDS Lab